The Delaware Securities Act, and specifically, Del. Code Tit. 6 Sec. 73-201, relating to “Fraud” declares that:
It is unlawful for any person, in connection with the offer, sale or purchase of any security, directly or indirectly:
(1) To employ any device, scheme or artifice to defraud;
(2) To make any untrue statement of a material fact or to omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in the light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading; or
(3) To engage in any act, practice or course of business which operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit upon any person.
The statute also expressly states that:
In interpreting this section, courts will be guided by the interpretations given by federal courts to similar language set forth in § 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 [15 U.S.C. § 77q] and Rule 10b-5 [17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5] promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, to include, without limitation, any difference in pleading requirements governing actions brought by securities regulators as opposed to private litigants.
With respect to Civil liabilities , Del. Code Tit. 6 Sec. 73-605, states that:
(a) Any person who:
(1) Offers or sells a security in violation of § 73-302, § 73-301 or § 73-210(b) of this title, or of any rule or order under § 73-211 of this title which requires the affirmative approval of sales literature before it is used, or of any condition imposed under § 73-204(d) of this title.
(2) Offers, sells or purchases a security by means of any untrue statement of a material fact or any omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statement made, in the light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading (the buyer or seller not knowing of the untruth or omission), and who does not sustain the burden of proof that the person did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known of the untruth or omission, is liable to the person buying or selling the security from or to him or her, who may sue either at law or in equity to recover the consideration paid for the security, together with the interest at the legal rate from the date of payment costs, and reasonable attorneys’ fees, less the amount of any income received on the security, upon the tender of the security, or for damages if he or she no longer owns the security.
(b) Every person who directly or indirectly controls a seller or buyer liable under subsection (a) of this section, every partner, officer, or director of such a seller or buyer, every person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, every employee of such seller or buyer who materially aids in the sale, and every broker-dealer or agent who materially aids in the sale or purchase are also liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as the seller or buyer, unless the nonseller or nonbuyer who is so liable sustains the burden of proof that the person did not know, and in exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of the existence of the facts by reason of which the liability is alleged to exist. There is contribution as in cases of contract among the several persons so liable.
In Delaware, FINRA Arbitration hearings are held in Wilmington.
Under the FINRA Code of Arbitration Procedure, the FINRA Securities Arbitration hearing locations will selected based upon the hearing location closest to your residence at the time of the events giving rise to the dispute.
Additional Delaware Resources:
Delaware Department of Justice
Investor Protection Unit
Carvel State Office Building
820 North French Street, 5th Fl.
Wilmington, DE 19801